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How Breast Cancer Become a Nightmare for Women

In this breast cancer news, we would like to give information about breast cancer risk. Actress Angelina Jolie a few years ago made a bold decision to do a double mastectomy. Jolie's choice was not without reason. It is a breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCA 1 gene) carrier which increases the risk of developing breast cancer and ovarian or ovarian cancer. The gene mutation was discovered because this Hollywood star chose to be tested.

Tracing its history, Jolie's mother was diagnosed with ovarian cancer. In 2007, Marcheline Bertrand, Jolie's mother died of cancer when she was 56 years old. The BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 genes are a type of tumor suppressor. When functioning normally, the gene helps prevent uncontrolled cell growth which can cause malignant tumors.

Conversely, when the BRCA gene has mutational damage, it can lead to the development of breast cancer and hereditary ovarian cancer. Genetic mutations constitute only 5 to 8 percent of all breast cancer cases.

Brest Cancer News

Based on the results of genetic testing, Jolie chose a mastectomy to reduce the risk of developing breast cancer. Cancer has indeed become one of the world's health problems that cause quite high deaths.

World Health Organization (WHO) cancer researchers released, there were around 18 million new cancer cases in the world in 2018. The number of deaths from cancer exceeds 9 million. Nearly 10 million people worldwide will die of cancer in 2018. The report is based on new estimates from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

The IARC report, published Wednesday in the A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, is based on cancer incidence data from 185 countries around the world. The researchers estimate that there will be 18.1 million new diagnoses of cancer and 9.6 million deaths from cancer in 2018. That number is up compared to six years ago when cancer diagnoses were estimated to reach 14.1 million and 8.2 million deaths.

IARC researchers predict, about one in 8 men and one in 11 women, will eventually die of cancer. Lung cancer is the second leading cause of projected diagnoses (2.1 million) and deaths (1.8 million) worldwide.

After lung cancer, the most common cancers are breast, colorectal, prostate, and stomach. Breast cancer alone is estimated to reach around 2.1 million diagnoses in 2018.

Cancer types and targets vary greatly depending on geographical conditions and socio-economic development. However, almost half of new cancer diagnoses and more than half of the deaths that result from it have the potential to occur in Asia.

Breast Cancer Prevention

Symptoms of breast cancer can be a lump in the breast or armpit, retraction (pulled into) the nipple, changes in the breast and nipple, and changes in skin color on the breast and surrounding areas.

Sometimes, very early cancers do not show physical symptoms as mentioned above. Therefore, a careful examination will greatly assist the process of treating early-stage breast cancer.

Preventive action is indeed much better done before someone is tested positive for breast cancer. One form of prevention is screening or early screening. screening is an effort to support early detection that has been planned and actually for the asymptomatic population (no complaints), so it's not a patient.

Residents in Australia screen at less than 40 years, while people in Europe generally screen at the age of 55. Indonesian people themselves are encouraged to do screening mammography at the age of 40 years through medical check-ups.

In addition to screening, there is also cancer prevention that has been launched in the world since 2000. Prevention is like that of Angelina Jolie, the main character of Lara Croft: Tomb Raider.

When he did the screening there were no signs, but the genetic test was positive. From genetic congenital, he has the risk to suffer from cancer because his mother had cancer. That is called cancer prevention, "said doctor Samuel.

In cancer prevention, a history of cancer is carried out in the previous generation in the family tree. If the results are found that there are cases of cancer that have been experienced by more than two members of the nuclear family at the age of fewer than 40 years, then the predisposition (tendency) to get cancer "inherited" will be even greater.

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