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The Difference of Breast Cancer Screening: Mammography Vs Thermography

 Breast cancer screening is a method to detect breast cancer. Early detection is an effective step to prevent cancer growth. By making early detection, it is hoped that it can reduce the spread of cancer cells and get treatment immediately. 

Screening for breast cancer is one way that can be done to identify breast cancer in women who have no physical symptoms. There are various ways that are used to detect breast cancer in women, among which are often compared are mammography and thermography.

 

 Definition of Mammography and Thermography as a Breast Cancer Screening Methods

Mammography is the process of examining human breasts using X-rays by placing a kind of disk on the breast which is done to look for anatomical changes in breast tissue such as lumps. Pictures taken in the mammography process are called mammograms. 

On mammogram, white shows the dense breast tissue. Other parts of the breast that consist of fat tissue with low density will be shown in gray. While the presence of the tumor will be indicated by a white image similar to dense breast tissue.

Thermography is a test used to detect and record temperature changes on the surface of the breast skin. Digital infrared thermal imaging (DITI) is used in screening, using an infrared thermal camera to photograph different temperature areas around the breast.

Cancerous growth presence is associated with blood vessel formation and excessive swelling in the breast tissue. This condition will appear on the infrared image as an area with higher skin temperature. The affected area has a higher temperature which will be detected through thermographic breast cancer screening.

The Advantages of Mammography and Thermography Screening Methods

The benefits of mammography are greater for women in high-risk groups, such as older women, or women with a family history of breast cancer. Researchers estimate that in the next 10 years, some old women checking mammograph will survive from breast cancer. 

From 10,000 women who get regular mammograms, the number of women whose lives will survive thanks to mammography is as much as 5 out of 10,000 women aged 40 to 49 years, 10 women aged 50 to 59 years, 42 women aged 60 to 69 years.

The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends women aged 50 to 74 years at least undergo a mammogram every two years. Because mammography breast cancer screening is not necessary anymore for women upper 60 years old.

Thermography does not use radiation, so it is safe to use it repeatedly from time to time. Breast thermography is included in safe early detection at any age. For early detection and prevention, women are advised to do breast thermography at the age of 20.

For women aged between 20-30, recommended every three years and start from 30 years recommended every two to one year. Thermography breast cancer screening also can be used by all women, including those who have breast implants. It can detect changes in breast tissue associated with chronic cancer.

Mammography and thermography are both able to detect breast cancer. However, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States said that thermography is not a substitute for mammography. Thermography is used as an early detection material, while mammography is used as a further diagnosis. 

Experts recommend mammography as the main screening procedure. However, the risk of mammography is not to be taken lightly, so you still need to consult a doctor for safer screening methods. Consult your doctor clearly whatever breast cancer screening options you make.

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